Littlebean Design

Web Design and Hosting

Web Design and Services

A - M

Adware

Software which automatically displays or downloads advertisements on a user's computer.

Bandwidth

The amount of information you can send down your connection to the internet. The more bandwidth you have the quicker you will be able to send data down it. It is usually measured in bps or "bits per second".

Blog

A blog or "weblog" is a personal journal which is available for all to see on the internet and is frequently updated.

Browser

This is a computer programme which is used to access information on the internet. Popular examples of such programmes include Internet Explorer, Mozilla and Safari.

Cookies

These are pieces of information sent by a web server to a web browser that the browser software then saves and sends back to the server when the browser makes additional requests from the server.

This is primarily used so that web sites can be customised the next time a user returns to the same site. Information you have entered the first time you visited a site is retained and referenced in future visits; for instance you could be greeted by name on each subsequent visits to a site, or your search preferences could be auto-populated.

CSS

CSS or Cascading Style Sheets is a standard used to control the appearance and layout and web pages. A single style sheet can control the appearance of multiple web pages, meaning small changes to a CCS file can invoke major style changes to an entire site.

Database

A database is a collection of data stored according to a specific format, much like an electronic filing system.

Domain Name

This is the unique name that identifies a web site, and is comprised of at least two parts, seperated by a dot. The part on the right is a suffix which refers to which top level domain it belongs to, for instance ".org" or ".co.uk".

Download

The copying of a file or data to your computer from another primary source such as a server or another computer. The opposite of upload.

E-Commerce

Electronic commerce is the buying and selling of goods and services over the internet.

Flash Banner

An advertisement placed near the main content of a site linking to the advertiser's site which uses Flash technology to animate the banner.

FTP

FTP or File Transfer Protocol is a language used when moving files between computers.

GIF

A file format for storing graphical images of up to 256 colours most suited to images using block colours. The file size tends to be smaller than if saved as a jpeg, but is not as well suited to complex images such as photographs.

Homepage

The opening or main page of a web site.

Host

You need a web host to be able to publish your site online. The host is a computer, or even several computers for particularly large sites, which acts a repository for all the data and files which make up your web site. When viewing a web site you connect to the host and access the files.

HTML

Hyper Text Markup Language is the coding language used to create document on the web.

ISP

An ISP or Internet Service Provider is a company which provides access to the internet and various other related services for a fee.

Java Script

Is a scripting language used primarily in web sites to make web pages more interactive. It interacts with the HTML code of a web page, resulting in more dynamic page content.

JPEG

JPEG is a popular file format for images which compresses the file size. It is well suited to photographic images, but due to its 'lossy' compression techniques it is not well suited to block colour iconic images or line drawings.

LAN

A LAN or Local Area Network is a group of linked computers and associated devices which share the same communication channel.

Modem

Is a device which allows your computer to connect to the internet. It can be either internal or external to your computer, and it effectively acts like a telephone for a computer; allowing it to transmit and receive data from the internet.

N - Z

Network

A connection between 2 or more computers which share resources. These computers may or may not be physically located near each other.

Pay Per Click

An online marketing system in which the advertiser is paid every time a user clicks on their advertisement and follows the link to their site.

PHP

PHP Hypertext Preprocessor is a scripting language compatible with many types of databases, which is embedded in the HTML and is used to create dynamic content in web pages.

Plug-in

This is a software add-on that adds extra features to a programme. For instance some browser plug-ins will enable user to be able view video files on a site.

RSS

RSS or as it's most commonly translated: Really Simple Syndication is an easy way for computer programs to publish frequently updated information such as new headlines or blog entries to a wide number of people. You can subscribe to receive RSS feeds from a variety of web pages and using an RSS reader you can then view all the information from the various feeds automatically collated in an easy to read format.

Search Engine

Is a web site which allows its visitors to search for information among the billions of web pages on the internet and indexes the results according to their relevancy. Popular search engines include Google and Yahoo; each search engine uses its own algorithm to order the results.

SEO

Search Engine Optimisation is the art of ensuring a site is highly ranked in search engines results pages. The higher a page ranks in a search engine's results the more traffic it is likely to receive.

Server

In web terms a server is a computer or computer software which serves the HTML pages to the requested client; the client could be the web browser programme you are using to access sites.

Sitemap

A sitemap is an overview of all the pages on a web site; on a smaller sites this could contain links to each page, on larger sites this could contain links to the main categories.

Social Networks

In web terms these are web sites which help users connect with other people as part of an internet community. Facebook, Twitter and LinkIn are examples of social networking sites.

Spam

Is the bulk distribution of unsolicited emails. It is usually viewed as junk email by the recipient.

Spyware

Is any technology which tracks a users personal details without the users knowledge, such as tracking software unwittingly installed via a virus or new software installation on a users computer. This software then sends this information back to another machine over the internet.

SSL

Secure Sockets Layer is a protocol for enabling transfer of private data across the internet using encryption, and used to safeguard the privacy of user details such as credit card details.

Traffic

The number of visitors to a web site or web page.

Upload

The copying of a file or data from your computer to another computer or server The opposite of download.

URL

The Uniform Resource Locator is the address of a web page on the internet. The domain name forms part of a page's URL, for example www.littlebean-design.co.uk/glossary.html is a complete URL, containing the 'littlebean-design.co.uk' domain name.

Virus

A computer programme that can replicate itself and infect a computer without any human intervention. The term virus is used to refer to all kinds of unwanted malware such as spyware and adware which is installed without the users knowledge or permission.

WAN

A Wide Area Network is a network of computers which are geographically spread across a very large area.

Web Page

A document which is viewable on the world wide web and usually in a HTML format. A web site is comprised of one or more web pages, and is viewable using a web browser.

Web Site

A collection of one of more interconnected web pages, available on the world wide web.

Wi-Fi

A common term for a wireless LAN connection, providing access to the internet via high frequency radio waves.

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